Women live longer than men worldwide. The average life expectancy of women is higher than men in Bangladesh too. This is evident in a number of statistics and studies, including from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). In addition, in the case of Bangladesh, the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and multiple census reports revealed the truth of this information.
But what helps women to live longer than men on average?
Scientists have identified various reasons for this. Experts say that besides the physical issues, the social, economic, political and cultural structure of women is also involved in increasing or decreasing the average life expectancy of women.
These are the reasons identified by the scientists:
The list of human deaths currently includes data from 40 countries, including older data from Sweden and France up to 1851 and 1817. But data from countries like Japan and Russia date back to the mid-20th century. The database shows that every year, the average life expectancy of women in all countries exceeds the average life expectancy of men. Men are thought to be in this line of fire because of their genetic makeup.
David James, a professor at University College London, said in a research report that male fetuses die at a higher rate than female fetuses. The probable cause depends on the activity of the sex-determining chromosomes. Chromosomes contain our genes. X chromosomes contain a lot of genes that help you survive.
According to Lorna Harris, a teacher at the University of Exeter, the death rate for boys is 20 to 30 percent higher than for girls due to older pregnancies. In addition, premature birth rates are 14 percent higher for boys. Boys are usually larger in size and are at greater risk of injury during birth.
During adolescence, due to hormonal changes in the body, boys and girls become men and women. Testosterone is a hormone that mainly contains male characteristics. Such as, long body, strong muscles, heavy voice and hairy body etc. This hormone testosterone is usually released in the body of boys towards the end of puberty. At this time their mortality rate is at its peak.
According to experts, men are more motivated to do high-risk work because of the high levels of this hormone. Such as fighting, driving a motorcycle or car at a very fast speed and even suicidal tendencies are more prevalent among men. Men are more likely to die in any accident due to this hormone.
Habits and behaviors
The life expectancy of men living in conflict-prone areas also decreases. In addition, in areas where health care is inadequate, many women die in childbirth. In addition, smoking, drinking and overeating also depend on who will live for how many years. For example, Russian men died 13 years earlier than Russian women. Because Russian men drink a lot.